Advert - Calendar - Radio

The Management and Members of the Kloma Hengme Association say their congratulations to Prof. Gabriel Teye Ayum

2015 ngmayem address by the konor of manya krobo nene sakite ii at the oklemekuku memorial park

Manya Krobo recognizes Krobo girls Headmistress at this years Ngmayem festival - Citation

Yokama: Young Women of Distinction Awards

The latest development in Manya Krobo - Senior high school Construction at Oborpah

Manya Krobo Inaugurates Development Committee and a website

Food For All Ghana Recovers Food To Feed Kinder Paradise Orphanage

Man Utd 4-2 Man City: Reds keep title hopes alive after outclassing rivals

Krobo Youth To Sue Two Individuals And Adom TV For Denigrating The Krobo Image

If I were the wife of a farmer...

DPSI reaches out to needy and abused children

Statement: Unlike Politicians, Media Must Not Fail West Africans - MFWA

The role of culture in sustaining peace and unity for national development

Traditional Council dismisses Krobo mountain sale rumours

Blows Over Krobo Mountains - Press Statement

Zenith Bank adjudged "Bank of the Year Ghana" at 2014 Banker Awards

Burkina will ask Morocco to extradite former president

I havent sacked ECG boss, Mahama

Curfew imposed on Nigerian town after explosion 'kills dozens'

ECOWAS launches 40 million Euro trade integration project

Revealed: Afriyie appointed as new Black Stars Management Committee Chairman

Atuabo gas powers Aboadze plant

Nigeria promises reliable and increased gas supply to Ghana

Ebola vaccine 'promising' say scientists after human trial

Open letter to Mahama: Reflections of a failing government

Zimbabwe's Zanu-PF blocks Joyce Mujuru leadership bid

Ferguson shooting: Protests spread across US

Invest in reliable data to enhance data collection - expert counsels

Nigerian senators initiate move to impeach Jonathan for corruption

Parliament suspended over cocaine row

Methodology by which we teach children in Ghana is archaic

Bawumia: Gov't blows $1bn Eurobond on BoG debt

5 Tricks to Burn More Calories and Keep Improving

Minority rubbishes new Power Ministry

President Nyantekyi promises Beach Soccer an Arena

Baby found in storm drain; woman charged with attempted murder

Telecoms chamber lauds move to remove taxes on smart phones

IMF backs Ghanas 2015 budget

No bright future with dim MPs!

Angry ECG workers demand reinstatement of sacked boss

Compaore leaves Ivory Coast for Morocco

Good Ways to Get Quality Protein

ECG Boss Sacked

5 million illegal immigrants in the U.S to escape deportation

Trades Ministry clarifies "war on interest rates" report

North Korea responds to UN with nuclear test threat

14 Ghanaians awarded Australian Masters scholarship

Burkina Faso's Lt Col Isaac Zida named prime minister

Govt imposes 17.5% Tax on petroleum products

Live Updates: Read in full abridged 2015 Budget Statement

Ghana Vs Togo: Black Stars probable lineup

Cocaine bust saga: NPP will politicize issue, expose NDC drug barons -- Agyarko

Adenta Presby YPG donates to nectar foundation - Lower Manya

Lawyer drags BoG to Supreme Court over cedi depreciation

Congestion at Mfantsipim SHS; students sleep on trunks

The Ghanaian Economy General Assessment by Citizen

Jerusalem synagogue: Palestinians kill Israeli worshippers

Overwhelming debts: Govt looks elsewhere to feed school kids

11 ways to snack smarter

Ecobank Emerges Most Profitable

MP pledges to restore health boat - Upper Manya

2015 Budget must deal with ailing economy - Majority, Minority leaders appeal

Abdul-Rahman Kassig: US hostage 'killed by IS'

The water story: breaking the myth of eight glasses per day

Rhythms of Thoughts: Dealing with the Shabab syndrome

Encouraging children to involve in sports

Donation Made to a brilliant student

Doing business in Manya Krobo

Community cleanup

Great things to know about Manya Krobo

5th Anniversary of Enstoolment as Manoyam Matse

Burkina Faso: Transitional framework agreed on

New Hospital Structure Under Construction

MANYA KROBO
The Land Of Endless Possibilities....

Home » Business » Agriculture

  • Print Friendly and PDF

Agriculture

As observed in the country as a whole, agriculture is the backbone of the economy of the District.  Agriculture production is mainly at subsistence level with an average farm size of 3.4 acres.  The land tenure arrangements, which are important in LED Lighting Wholesale agriculture, are owner occupancy (farmer’s own land) and share tenancy (land lease to farmer to cultivate and produce, sharing outcome between the land owner and the farmer).  

The total land under cultivation is about 20.3 nectars.  The main agricultural activity that is carried out in the District is farming (crop farming), with quite a significant proportion of the people engaged in fishing and livestock rearing.

Crop Farming
The farming practice usually adopted by farmers in the District is mixed cropping.  The main reason for this is due to the issue of land acquisition, which is a problem of almost all the farmers.  This is also a major contributor to the deforestation of the District.  The major and minor crops produced in the District are shown in Table 1.b.1 and Table 1.b.2.

Crop Name Percentage
Maize 50.6
Cassava 39.3
Vegetables 7.0
Plantains 3.0

Source: Field Survey, MOFA ,2006

Crop Name Percentage
Vegetables 65.0
Yam 15.0
Sweet Potatoes 10.0
Cocoyam 2.5
Total 100.0

 Source: Field Survey, MOFA 2006

From Tables Table 1.b.1 and Table 1.b.2., it can be seen that cassava and vegetable production dominate the various types of crops grown in the District.  However, the production of these crops and other ones are in their primary stages with over 78% of the farmers in the District using traditional methods such as slash and burn and utilizing simple farming tools like hoes and cutlasses.  These methods lead to very low output levels.  

Besides the crops identified in the tables, other legumes such as groundnuts, cowpeas, as well as tree crops such as mangos, palm tree products and cereals (especially rice) are also produced on a small scale.  The major farming areas in the District as Asesewa, Sekesua, Akateng, Otrokper, Tenguanya and the mostly rural areas.

A common feature existing in the farming areas is that farm holdings are small and scattered in distant locations.  Such distribution of farm holdings in different places is the result of inadequate land at one place.  This inhibits the use of farm machinery for commercial agriculture.

The type of tools used on the farms is energy sapping which only the youth can do better.  However, information gathered revealed that about 58% of farmers are aged above 40 years.  Out of this 12% are above 60 years old.  Farming is therefore undertaken by the aged in the District.  Household labour is mostly used with some depending on hired labour while others combine the two.  Few people use co-operative labour.

Storage Facilities
Storage facilities for farming produce are basically the traditional type as shown in Table 1.1b3.

Type of Storage Facilities Used in MKD, 2006
Type of storage facilities Percentage
Roof Storage 44.7
Crip barn 23.7
Narrow Crib 19.8
Barn and Roof storage 5.3
Not Stated 5.3
Total 100.0


As shown in the Table 1.1b3.., modern storage facilities do not exist for the farmers.  Hence, storage is based solely on traditional methods.  Maize and beans are the produce that is usually better stored.  Crops like cassava and vegetables cheap led light bulbs have no storage facilities, hence there is always a glut on the market when there is a bumper harvest leading to low prices and income from these produce.

Marketing Middlemen and women largely determine Marketing and Distribution of farm produce from within and outside the District.  Almost all farmers sell their produce at the nearest market at prices usually determined by the buyer.  Prices of farm produce are generally low due to lack of storage facilities.  This lack of storage facilities forces the farmers to sell their produce soon after harvest, no matter the prices that are offered.

Extension Services
The main extension agency in the District is the extension service of Department of Food and Agriculture.  There is a staff of ten extension staff in the District who gives technical advice to farmers on crop production, preparation, pest and disease control, soil conservation and other areas.  Due to the low level of extension officers, there are inadequate extension services, with only 26.7% of the farmers in the District having access.

Farm Finance
The principal source of funding for farming activities is the farmer’s own savings.  Thus, about 68.7% of the District farmers depend solely on their own savings.  Some farmers are also utilizing other sources like private moneylenders and help from relatives.  

Credit facilities, in terms of soft loans from the financial institutions, are naturally non-existent (the Manya Krobo Rural Bank and the Upper Manya Kro Rural Banks).  This could have helped the farmers improve or expand their activities.  Data available shows that only 9.3% of the farmers in the District benefit from bank loans, which implies that micro-financing support would help.

Land Tenure System
Land is a very crucial ingredient in the production process.  Its ownership and use have a very significant effect on the agriculture production.  In the Manya Krobo District, land is acquired in the following ways: individual ownership or inheritance from family, rent or hire from landowners, or by mortgage.  The land tenure arrangements include:

  • Owner occupancy where the farmer is the owner of the land on which he or she works and provides all the necessary inputs for production.

  • Share tenancy where there is the “abunnu” or the “abusa” share cropping system.  Under this system, the landowner leases the land to the farmer.  The farm produce are shared equally (abunnu) or are shared by a third of the produce going to the landlord, while two-thirds goes to the tenant (abusa).

A baseline sample survey conducted for 150 farmers’ households in several parts of the District revealed six ways of acquiring land.  These are through the chief, family head, lease, inheritance, private-ownership and hiring.  About 32.7% of the farmers interviewed acquired their land through inheritance, 22.7% acquired their land through lease, 18.7% acquired their land through family heads, 8.7% acquired their land through outright purchase (private ownership), 5.3% acquired their land from other sources such as the Volta River Authority and 2.7% acquired their land from chiefs.  About 51.4% of the farmers acquired their land through inheritance or through family heads.

On the terms of land acquisition, 50.7% of the farmers interviewed acquired their land free of charge, 23.3% by sharecropping and 16.7% by fixed rent.  On share cropping, the farm products are shared according to the tenancy agreements that differ from crop to crop and by the location.  The main types of sharecropping are the “abusa” (two-thirds to the farmer and one-third to the landowner) and “abunu” (half to the tenant farmer and half to the landowner).

From the survey about 76.7% of the tenant farmers shared their products equally with the landowners, while 23.3% took two-thirds and gave one-third to the landowners.  In both cases, the tenant farmer provides the inputs while the landowner provides the land.  There is also an unfavourable land tuner system.

Livestock and Fisheries Production  
Some of the farmers are engaged in animal rearing, but only a few do so, on a large scale or commercial basis (15%).  The types of animals commonly reared include sheep, goats, cattle, poultry, pigs and ducks.  Poultry keeping is the largest livestock activity.  The main livestock rearing areas in the District are Akuse, Kpong, Okwenya, Oborpa, Asowa, Anyaboni, Akorkorma, Sisiamang, and Sekesua.

Fishing is another important agricultural activity that is carried out by some people in the District.  Among the fishing areas in the District are Kpong, Akuse, Akateng, Akorkorma, Akrusu, Pompoiinya and Akotwe.  

There are two fish farms in the District at Kpong and Akuse.  Tilapia is the common fish in the District.  Smoking, salting and freezing are the current methods of preserving the fish.  The District has one cold storage facility at Abanse near Odumase.  Marketing of fish is done mostly at the local market.  At times, middlemen go to the riverside to buy the fish.

Key Problems and Difficulties in the Agricultural Sector
The agricultural sector, which was earlier mentioned as the backbone of both the local and the national economies, is beset by numerous problems and difficulties.

Key Problems 

  1. Poor Roads / Inadequate Road Network

  2. Finance

  3. High Input Cost

  4. Land Acquisition

  5. Marketing

  6. Poor Storage

  7. Pest and Disease

  8. Bad Weather

  9. Poor Soil

The agricultural sector is saddled with many problems and difficulties. These can be considered as the main reason for low productivity in the sector.  Among these problems, the problem of poor roads and inadequate road networks is the main problem enumerated by most farmers.  Its effect is very severe by limiting access to and from producing areas, resulting in low prices.  Farm inputs, on the other hand, are extremely expensive.

Inadequate funds or capital, coupled with high input cost, usually pose a threat to agricultural activities in the District.  These prevent farmers from having access to modern inputs, like tractors combined harvesters, improved seeds and chemicals, which would help them to engage in commercial or large-scale agriculture, resulting in an often low level of agriculture technology.  

The problem of marketing is compounded by lack of storage facilities, especially for vegetables.  Hence, farmers are compelled to sell at any price quoted by middlemen and women, whose activities appear to undermine the value of the farmers work.  Another problem affecting the agriculture sector is an best flight drones over dependence on rain fed agriculture, due to lack of irrigation and water storage facilities.  

Within this sector, there are also the problems of degradation of forest, annual bush fires and land degradation due to erosion caused by the farming population utilizing whatever meager means possible to make money and clear the land.  To rejuvenate the District’s economy; these problems need to be addressed.

<< Back
rolex replica watches uk replica cartier for men uk rolex oyster perpetual Replica uk replica cartier for men rolex replica watches uk for men top bell ross replica omega replica uk rolex replica watches uk to you replica cartier for men iwc replica watches for man cheap bell ross replica watches for men replica longines watches swiss iwc replica watches omega replica watches for lady replica cartier watches for sale uk rolex replica watch omega replica watches Tag Heuer copy iwc replica watches for lady replica longines watches uk omega replica watches swiss bell ross replica watches uk omega copy watches latest iwc copy watches Replica Rolex Watches rolex replica watch rolex replica rolex replica watches rolex replica watches uk Best Copy Cartier Watches best iwc replica fake longines for sale top omega replica breitling replica watches Replica Panerai Watches Uk For Men iwc replica watches for sale quality bvlgari replica Newest Replica U-boat omega seamaster 007 orange replica rolex watches uk for sale best fake chopard watches fake iwc watches for sale Rolex Gmt Replica rolex replica rolex replica watches rolex replica watches uk Omega Seamaster Quantum Of Solace omega replica watch cheap omega replica Omega Seamaster White Dial omega replica watch omega replica watches for sale swiss omega replica cheap omega replica Swiss Iwc Replica iwc replica watch iwc replica watches for sale swiss iwc replica cheap iwc replica